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US, Russia Far Apart on Ukraine Crisis 01/21 06:08

   The United States and Russia tried Friday to avert another devastating 
conflict in Europe, but the two powers' top diplomats warned no breakthrough 
was imminent as fears rise that Moscow is planning to invade Ukraine.

   GENEVA (AP) -- The United States and Russia tried Friday to avert another 
devastating conflict in Europe, but the two powers' top diplomats warned no 
breakthrough was imminent as fears rise that Moscow is planning to invade 

   Armed with seemingly intractable and diametrically opposed demands, U.S. 
Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov 
met in Geneva at what the American said was a "critical moment." The talks are 
shaping up as a possible last-ditch effort at dialogue and a negotiated 

   With an estimated 100,000 Russian troops massed near Ukraine, many fear 
Moscow is preparing an invasion although Russia denies that. The U.S. and its 
allies are scrambling to present a united front to prevent that or coordinate a 
tough response if they can't.

   After the meeting, Lavrov said that the U.S. agreed to provide written 
responses to Russian demands on Ukraine and NATO next week. That could at least 
delay any imminent aggression for a few days.

   But ahead of the meeting, they remained far apart.

   "We don't expect to resolve our differences here today. But I do hope and 
expect that we can test whether the path of diplomacy or dialogue remains 
open," Blinken told Lavrov before their spoke privately. "This is a critical 

   Lavrov, meanwhile, said he did not "expect a breakthrough at these 
negotiations either. What we expect is concrete answers to our concrete 

   Moscow has demanded that the NATO alliance promise that Ukraine -- a former 
Soviet republic -- will never be allowed to join. It also wants the allies to 
remove troops and military equipment from parts of eastern Europe. The U.S. and 
its NATO allies have flatly rejected those demands and say that Russian 
President Vladimir Putin knows they are nonstarters. They have said they're 
open to less dramatic moves.

   Washington and its allies have repeatedly promised "severe" consequences 
such as biting economic sanctions -- though not military action -- against 
Russia if an invasion goes ahead.

   Blinken repeated that warning Friday. He said the U.S. and its allies were 
committed to diplomacy, but also committed "if that proves impossible, and 
Russia decides to pursue aggression against Ukraine, to a united, swift and 
severe response."

   But he said he also wanted to use the opportunity to share directly with 
Lavrov some "concrete ideas to address some of the concerns that you have 
raised, as well as the deep concerns that many of us have about Russia's 

   Ukraine is already beset by conflict. Russia's Putin seized control of 
Ukraine's Crimea Peninsula in 2014 and backed a separatist insurgency in 
eastern Ukraine, part of a simmering but largely stalemated conflict with 
Ukrainian forces that has taken more than 14,000 lives. He faced limited 
international consequences for those moves, but the West says a new invasion 
would be different.

   Ahead of his meeting with Lavrov, Blinken met Ukraine's president in Kyiv 
and top diplomats from Britain, France and Germany in Berlin this week.

   Adding to its repeated verbal warnings to Russia, the United States stepped 
up sanctions on Thursday. The U.S. Treasury Department slapped new measures on 
four Ukrainian officials. Blinken said the four were at the center of a Kremlin 
effort begun in 2020 to damage Ukraine's ability to "independently function."

   The Russian Foreign Ministry reaffirmed its demands Friday that NATO not 
expand into Ukraine, that no alliance weapons be deployed near Russian borders 
and that alliance forces pull back from Central and Eastern Europe.

   The State Department, meanwhile, put out three statements -- two on Russian 
"disinformation," including specifically on Ukraine, and another entitled 
"Taking Action to Expose and Disrupt Russia's Destabilization Campaign in 
Ukraine." The documents accused Russia and Putin of trying to reconstitute the 
former Soviet Union through intimidation and force.

   The Russian foreign ministry mocked those statements, saying they must have 
been prepared by an Orwellian "Ministry of Truth," and Lavrov caustically 
dismissed them in his remarks to Blinken, saying he hoped the State Department 
had also spent time drafting responses to Russia's demands.

   "I do hope that not everyone in the State Department was working on those 
materials and there were some who were working on the essence of our proposals 
and their substance," he said.

   The Russian Foreign Ministry on Friday rejected Western claims that Moscow 
was trying to rebuild the Soviet empire and carve out its zone of influence in 
eastern Europe, charging that it's the West that thinks in categories of zones 
of influence.

   Blinken took pains to stress U.S. unity with its allies in opposition to a 
possible Russian invasion, something that took an apparent hit earlier this 
week when U.S. President Joe Biden drew widespread criticism for saying 
retaliation for Russian aggression in Ukraine would depend on the details and 
that a "minor incursion" could prompt discord among Western allies.

   On Thursday, Biden sought to clarify his comments by cautioning that any 
Russian troop movements across Ukraine's border would constitute an invasion 
and that Moscow would "pay a heavy price" for such an action.

   "I've been absolutely clear with President Putin," Biden said. "He has no 
misunderstanding: Any, any assembled Russian units move across the Ukrainian 
border, that is an invasion."

   Russia has denied it is planning an invasion and instead accused the West on 
Thursday of plotting "provocations" in Ukraine, citing the delivery of weapons 
to the country by British military transport planes in recent days.

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